Upsampling wave temporal resolution: Investigating wave parameters and the influence on WEC power performance


  • Hannah Mankle Oregon State University
  • Bryson Robertson Oregon State University, Pacific Marine Energy Center
  • Bryony DuPont



Temporal Sampling, Resource characterization, wave spectra


Power production of wave energy converters (WEC) predicted in the time domain utilize wave resource parameters and time-domain hydrodynamic model simulations of the WEC. While the hydrodynamic model provides high temporal resolution of power production (10’s of Hz), the wave resource parameters are often based on frequency-domain calculations with temporal resolution of 30 minutes to an hour. However, real ocean wave conditions vary on much shorter time scales. Relying on frequency-domain calculations will not be sufficient to capture the short-term variability and accurately predict WEC power production for a standardized methodology that follows power system requirements. These requirements need forecasted data with high sampling frequency for accurate energy predictions. Looking specifically at resource characterization, high temporal resolution datasets are not publicly available or do not exist for many coastal locations. Due to data availability, low temporal resolution datasets are being used in a majority of studies to generate representative wave conditions as inputs to numerical simulations. Representative wave conditions are used to generate wave spectrums. The issue with this practice is spectrums are then used to predict the efficiency of systems that will not accurately capture the variability of waves in short timeframes. Creating a standardized methodology to increase the temporal resolution of metaocean conditions to inform model development can provide better forecasting of power production. Random amplitude, Fourier coefficient methods have been suggested for WEC simulations of finite durations to improve the observed variability in wave heights and power production. Variability using this method does increase for finite durations compared to the commonly used deterministic amplitude method. In this paper we will investigate the influence of wave parameters (significant wave height, maximum wave height, and energy period) on the prediction of WEC power production. A better understanding of the influence of these parameters will provide a path towards future standardization methodology for resource inputs for time-domain modeling.



How to Cite

H. Mankle, B. Robertson, and B. DuPont, “Upsampling wave temporal resolution: Investigating wave parameters and the influence on WEC power performance”, Proc. EWTEC, vol. 15, Sep. 2023.

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