Wave Excitation Tests on a Fixed Sphere

Comparison of Physical Wave Basin Setups


  • Jacob Andersen
  • Morten Bech Kramer Associate Professor, M.Sc., Ph.D.




physical tests, sphere, wave energy converters, fluid–structure interaction, wave excitation force


Wave excitation tests on a fixed sphere with the center at the still water level were carried out with three different physical wave basin setups. The tests were completed as a continued effort of the working group OES Wave Energy Converters Modelling Verification and Validation to increase confidence in numerical models of wave energy converters by generation of accurate benchmarks datasets for numerical model validation. An idealized testcase with wave excitation of a fixed sphere to be used with the benchmarks was formulated. The three investigated physical wave basin setups included: 1) a six degree-of-freedom load cell mounted to the top of the sphere, 2) a bending beam force transducer mounted to the top of the sphere, and 3) a system of six pretensioned wires mounted to the top and bottom of the sphere with force transducers attached to each wire. The aim of the present paper is to identify the best representation of the idealized testcase. To this end, the three experimental setups are inter-compared in terms of dynamic properties, sensitivity, and disturbances of the water phase from the presence of measurement equipment. Low inter-experiment variability was disclosed, i.e., 5-8% depending on wave-nonlinearity, indicating accurate representations of the idealized testcase across all setups. Setup 3 was found to be the more accurate representation and further work with this setup to release a public benchmark dataset was planned.



How to Cite

J. Andersen and M. Bech Kramer, “Wave Excitation Tests on a Fixed Sphere: Comparison of Physical Wave Basin Setups”, Proc. EWTEC, vol. 15, Sep. 2023.